We all know that ants are ferocious eaters. They differ widely in their di and may be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, meaning that some eat meat; others eat only plants while others eat a combination of both.由后面的解释我们可以得知：“carnivorous”的意思是“食肉的”;“herbivorous”的意思是“食草的”;“omnivorous”的意思是“杂食的”。
Today, I’d like to talk about some of the changes land can undergo, specifically desertification, process through which land becomes part of a desert.
After breakfast, many people go to church; but the children will be playing with their new toys, and the mother will probably be preparing the Christmas dinner. This includes poultry for the main course (e.g. chicken, turkey, duck, goose), salads, breads, and vegetable, and features a variety of desserts, for example, pies, puddings, and ice cream.
“chicken, turkey, duck, goose”同属“poultry：家禽”。
Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.
The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork (软木塞) in water.
Venus rotates retr**rade, or “backwards”, spinning in the opposite direction of its orbit around the Sun.
The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.
More recently, scientists have documented an alarmingly high occurrence of fr**s with malformations.
form是词根, formation“形式”，mal-:构词前缀，可表示“坏、恶、不良”，还可表示“不、不正常、不当、非法。”malformation的意思就应该是“畸形。”更多的例子如：malnutrition: 营养不良;malconduct:(公职人员的)胡作非为;maladjustive: 引起失调的;不利调节的。